Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. - Dandelion

Taraxacum erythrospermum plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Taraxacum erythrospermum leaf

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Involucre -No info. yet.

Taraxacum erythrospermum involucreInvolucre.

Ray flowers - No info. yet.

Taraxacum erythrospermum flowers

Taraxacum erythrospermum achenesAchenes.

Disk flowers - Absent.

Flowering - All year.

Habitat - Lawns, gardens, fields, meadows, pastures, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - This species and the related T. officinale Wiggers are very common species and are probably the most recognized wildflowers in nature. The plants bloom nearly all year and even have flowers when covered with snow and ice. Differentiating the two dandelion species can be difficult and the two may not be distinct at all. The best way to separate the two in the field is by looking at the achenes. T. erythrospermum has reddish to reddish purple fruits. The achenes of T. officinale are greenish to olive or brown. Here they are:

Taraxacum officinalis achenes
Both species of dandelion have massive taproots which can be dried, ground, and added to coffee. The leaves of dandelion can be eaten raw or cooked and are high in vitamins A and C. Traditionally the plant has been used to treat a variety of ailments. Some people are allergic to the thick latex sap of the plant.

Photographs taken in Jacksonville, NC., 3-6-03.