Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Schrad.

Slender Mountain Mint

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium plant

Family - Lamiaceae

Habit - Perennial forb with slender rhizomes.

Stem - Strongly ascending to erect, to 80 cm, usually glabrous.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_stem.jpgStem and node.

Leaves - Opposite, sessile, simple. Blades 1.5-5.5 cm long, 1.0-5.5 mm wide (those of the largest leaves 1.5-5.5 mm), linear, angled or short-tapered at the base, the margins entire, the surfaces glabrous, green.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_leaves.jpgStem and leaves.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_leaves2.jpg

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_leaf1.jpgLeaf adaxial.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_leaf2.jpgLeaf abaxial.

Inflorescence - Inflorescences relatively dense, often appearing relatively flat-topped, only the lowermost branches observable. Bracts dissimilar to the foliage leaves (2.5-4.0 mm long, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, with a thickened midvein and a nearly spinescent tip), not whitened, but grayish green, densely pubescent with short, curled hairs on the surfaces and longer, bristly hairs on the margins and tip. Bractlets 2-3 mm long, mostly lanceolate.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_inflorescence.jpgInflorescence.

Flowers - Calyces 3.5-5.0 mm long, actinomorphic or nearly so, densely or occasionally sparsely pubescent with short, curled hairs below the lobes, lacking longer bristly hairs on the margins, the lobes all similar in size and shape 1.0-1.5 mm long, triangular, sharply pointed and sometimes with a minute, sharply pointed extension of the midnerve. Corollas strongly zygomorphic, 5-7 mm long, white or less commonly pale lavender, the upper lip entire or shallowly notched, the lower lip 3-lobed, spotted with purple.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_calyces.jpgCalyces.

Pycnanthemum_tenuifolium_flowers.jpgFlowers.

Fruits - Dry schizocarps, separating into 4 nutlets, these 0.7-1.0 mm long, usually glabrous.

Flowering - June - September.

Habitat - Forests, glades, prairies, bluffs, pastures, fields, roadsides.

Origin - Native to the U.S.

Lookalikes - Other members of the Pycnanthemum genus, also some members of the Eupatorium genus such as E. hyssopifolium.

Other info. - This plant is common across all of Missouri with the possible exception of a few counties in the extreme northwest of the state. Its U.S. distribution includes most of the eastern half of the country. The plant is easy to recognize with its characteristic inflorescences and very narrow leaves - but note that the main stem leaves can sometimes appear abnormally wide. Aromawise, this plant is a bit of a letdown, having almost no minty fragrance. The lack of fragrance is actually a strong clue to the plant's specific identity, since the other Missouri Pycnanthemums are more strongly aromatic. The plant is found across a wide variety of habitat types.

Photographs taken at Shaw Nature Reserve, Franklin County, MO, 6-15-2007, and at Whetstone Conservation Area, Callaway County, MO, 7-15-2016 (SRTurner).



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