Erythronium albidum Nutt.
White Dogtooth Violet
Family - Liliaceae
Stems - Ariel stems to +15cm tall, glabrous, erect, herbaceous, simple, from bulblike corm.
Leaves - Two per flowering plant, one in non-flowering plants, linear-elliptic to oblanceolate, entire, acute, glabrous, green and glaucous below, mottled with purple above, to 4cm broad, +/-10cm long.
Inflorescence - Single nodding flower terminating aerial stem.
Flower - Petals and sepals white internally, typically with lilac tinge externally, reflexed when mature, linear-oblong, entire, 6mm broad, +3cm long, glabrous. Stamens 6, adnate to base of petals and sepals, erect, exserted. Filaments flattened, +1mm broad. Anthers yellow, 6mm long. Style white, to 1.5cm long, exserted. Stigmas 3, to 3mm long. Ovary superior, 3-locular, ovules many. Fruit to 2.5cm long, weekly 3-angled, glabrous.
Flowering - March - May.
Habitat - Low woods, wooded slopes, ravines.
Origin - Native to U.S.
Other info. - The leaves
of this small lily can be variable. Some leaves have heavy dark mottling,
others have faint to no mottling. The leaves, however, are usually
always glaucous below.
Photographs taken at Reform Conservation Area, Callaway County, MO., 3-24-04.