Croton capitatus Michx. - Hogwort
Family - Euphorbiaceae
Stems - To +/-50cm tall, erect, with single stem fom base and then widely branching above(with the appearance of a little tree), densely stellate pubescent,(the pubescence tan to brown), herbaceous, from thickened roots.
Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petioles to +/-3cm long, densely stellate pubescent. Blade to +/-7cm long, +/-2cm broad, entire, acute to blunt at apex, oblong to lance-oblong or elliptic, densely stellate pubescent, rounded to slightly cordate at base, often mucronate.
Inflorescence - Terminal raceme to 3cm long, androgynous, the staminate flowers typically well separated from the pistillate flowers with age. Peduncles densely stellate pubescent.
Flowers - Pistillate flowers apetalous, sessile, with typically 7 calyx lobes, dense stellate pubescent externally. Lobes equal to unequal, greenish, abruptly acute at apex. Entire calyx(in flower) to 1cm broad, 8mm tall(long), slightly accrescent. Styles 3, yellow, densely stellate pubescent, to 3mm long. Stigmas 4-5-parted. Ovary globose to ovoid, densely stellate pubescent, 2.1mm in diameter in flower, 3-locular. Staminate flowers with 5 petals. Petals minute, white, oblanceolate, to 1mm long. Stamens 10 or more, erect to spreading. Filaments white, glabrous, 2mm long. Anthers whitish, 1mm long. Sepals 5, 1mm long, densely stellate pubescent, subulate. Capsule to 1cm long, 3-seeded(one seed per locule), typically with persistent styles.
Pistillate flower close-up.
Staminate flower close-up.
Flowering - June - October.
Habitat - Prairies, glades, fields, pastures, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.
Origin - Native to U.S.
Other info. - This species
is found throughout Missouri. It is attractive but often overlooked because
the flowers are not showy. The plant would do well in cultivation as it
needs little care once established.
Photographs taken at Eufala National Wildlife Refuge, AL., 7-23-05.