Erysimum capitatum (Dougl.) Greene - Wall Flower

Erysimum capitatum plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To +25cm tall, from a taproot, erect, herbaceous, fistulose, appressed pubescent (with malpighian hairs).

Erysimum capitatum stem

Leaves - Alternate, short-petiolate at the base, sessile above. Margins with a few shallow teeth. Blades densely appressed pubescent, tapering at the base, acute, to +6cm long, -1cm broad, linear to linear-lanceolate.

Erysimum capitatum leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal raceme. Pedicels to 5mm long in flower, slightly longer in fruit, erect, with pubescence as the stem.

Flowers - Petals 4, clawed, distinct. Claw yellow, to +/-1cm long. Limb orange, sub-orbicular, to 9mm long, glabrous. Stamens 6, erect. Filaments greenish-white, glabrous, compressed, 1cm long. Anthers greenish, 2mm long. Ovary densely appressed pubescent (the hairs forked and arranged vertically), 1cm long. Style short, 1.1mm long. Stigma capitate. Sepals 4, erect, 9-10mm long, to 2mm broad, linear-oblong, gibbous at the base, glabrous internally, pubescent as the stem externally, light green, often slightly keeled. Siliques beaked, pubescent as the ovary, erect, mostly parallel to the axis of the inflorescence.

Erysimum capitatum flowers

Erysimum capitatum calyxCalyx.

Flowering - April - July.

Habitat - Limestone bluffs, glades, rocky open ground.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This biennial species is certainly the most showy of the genus in Missouri. It can be found mainly in the north-central Ozark region and is mostly restricted to the habitats mentioned above. The plant would be a good garden subject and will grow from seed.

Photographs taken off Hwy 29, Guilford County, NC., 4-23-03.


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