Phleum pratense L. - Timothy Grass

Phleum pratense plant

Family - Poaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Phleum pratense nodeNode.

Phleum pratense baseBase of plant.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Phleum pratense leaf baseLeaf base.

Phleum pratense liguleLigule.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Phleum pratense inflorescence

Flowers - No info. yet.

Phleum pratense floretsFlorets.

Phleum pratense glumesGlumes.

Flowering - May - August.

Habitat - Upland prairies, pond margins, streambanks, pastures, cultivated fields, ditches, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This common, weedy species can be found throughout Missouri. It was first introduced into the U.S. in 1720 by Timothy Hansen. The common name of this plant is "Timothy."
P. pratense is widely planted for hay and forage. The airborne pollen is one of the greatest causes of hay fever in the early summer.
This is an easy species to ID in the field because of the dense cylindrical inflorescence and awned glumes of the florets.

Photographs taken at the Holly Ridge Conservation Area, Stoddard County, MO., 6-14-03, and near the Owl's Bend Campground, Shannon County, MO., 6-13-05.


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