Alnus serrulata (Ait.) Willd.

Tag Alder

Alnus serrulata plant

Family - Betulaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Alnus serrulata bark

Leaves - No info. yet.

Alnus serrulata leaves

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Alnus serrulata flowersPistillate flowers.

Alnus serrulata flowersStaminate flowers.

Alnus serrulata conesCones of previous season.

Flowering - March - April.

Habitat - Along streams and streambanks, spring branches, wet meadows, pond margins, often partially submerged.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is the only species of alder in the state of Missouri. The plant can be found mostly in the southern half of the state but also along the Mississippi River. A. serrulata is a shrubby tree which grows to about 7m tall and has multiple stems from its base. In Missouri, many other neat plants are usually associated with the presence of A. serrulata (because of habitat). This is a very early-flowering species, with the flowers appearing well before the new leaves. In the winter, the leaves of the plant are resistant and stay green well into the winter before becoming brown and falling.
Natives used a tea made from the bark to treat diarrhea, coughs, toothaches, sore mouth, and to lessen the pain of child birth. The tea was also used as a wash for poison ivy. Settlers used the tea to try and treat malaria and syphilis.

Photographs taken off Lee Rd 54, Auburn, Alabama., 1-23-06.