Aesculus pavia L.

Red Buckeye

Aesculus_pavia_plant.jpg
STATS

Native
CC = 7
CW = 3
MOC = 23

© DETenaglia

Family - Sapindaceae

Habit - Shrub or small tree, to 5 m.

Stems - Woody, to 5 m. Tree-like with single trunk or shrub-like with multiple stems.

Leaves - Opposite, petiolate, palmately compound with 5 leaflets. Leaflets oblanceolate to obovate, acute to acuminate, toothed, glabrous to sparsely above and below. Petioles reddish, glabrous to somewhat pubescent.

Inflorescence - Terminal panicle to 25cm tall.

Aesculus_pavia_inflorescence2.jpg Inflorescence.

© SRTurner

Flowers - Corolla red. Petals 4, unequal. Styles long protruding from corolla. Stamens included or slightly longer than corolla.

Aesculus_pavia_flower.jpg Lateral view of flower.

© DETenaglia

Aesculus_pavia_flower2.jpg

© DETenaglia

Aesculus_pavia_flower3.jpg Frontal view of flower.

© SRTurner

Fruits - Smooth, punctate, slightly longer than broad, to 5cm in diameter.

Aesculus_pavia_fruits.jpg Fruit.

© SRTurner

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Slopes, rich woods, streambanks, also cultivated.

Origin - Native to southeastern U.S., found wild in southeastern Missouri and cultivated throughout the state.

Other info. - This is a striking plant and one of the first "trees" to bloom in spring. The plant is simple to identify in the field becasue of its red flowers and palmately divided leaves. It is toxic if eaten.

Photographs taken off Lee Rd 54, Lee County, AL., 3-23-05 (DETenaglia); also at Sun Conservation Area, Butler County, MO, 05-21-2014, Mingo NWR, Stoddard County, MO, 04-16-2015, and southeast of Benton, Scott County, MO, 10-04-2017 (SRTurner).