Acmella repens (Walter) Rich.

Oppositeleaf Spotflower

Acmella_repens_plant.jpg
STATS

Native
CC = 8
CW = -3
MOC = 8

© DETenaglia

Family - Asteraceae/Heliantheae

Habit - Perennial forb with fibrous roots, sometimes rhizomatous.

Stems - Spreading with ascending tips and branches, to 1 m, few- to several-branched, often rooting at the lower nodes, finely ridged or grooved, glabrous or pubescent with soft, curved hairs.

Acmella_repens_stem2.jpg Stem and node.

© SRTurner

Leaves - Opposite, or the uppermost few alternate, petiolate. Leaf blades 1-8 cm long, narrowly lanceolate to broadly ovate, bluntly or more commonly sharply pointed, the margins finely to coarsely and bluntly to sharply toothed, the surfaces glabrous or sparsely pubescent along the veins with soft, curved hairs.

Acmella_repens_leaves.jpg

© DETenaglia

Inflorescence - Solitary heads at branch tips, on long, bractless, hairy stalks.

Heads - Radiate, with conical receptacle elongating with maturity. Involucre 4-6 mm long, the bracts in 2 similar series. Involucral bracts 6-16, ascending, lanceolate, sharply pointed, green, with slightly irregular margins, the outer surface glabrous or sparsely hairy, with usually 3 fine nerves. Chaffy bracts subtending the ray and disc florets, these folded longitudinally and more or less wrapped around the florets.

Acmella_repens_involucre2.jpg Involucre.

© SRTurner

Florets - Ray florets 5-15, pistillate, the corolla 3-9 mm long, relatively broad, yellow to orangish yellow, sparsely hairy toward the base. Disc florets numerous, perfect, the corolla 1.5-3.0 mm long, yellow, glabrous. Pappus of the ray and disc florets absent or the disc florets rarely with 1 or 2 short, slender awns.

Acmella_repens_head.jpg Flowering head.

© SRTurner

Acmella_repens_heads.jpg

© SRTurner

Acmella_repens_flowers2.jpg

© DETenaglia

Fruits - Achenes 1.0-2.5 mm long, narrowly oblong-obovate, flattened (those of the ray florets somewhat 3-angled), usually irregularly warty, the surface otherwise glabrous, dark brown to black, the margins and warts straw-colored to yellowish brown.

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Low wet woods, borders of swamps and sloughs, ditches.

Origin - Native to U.S. and Central America.

Other info. - This little species can be found in a handful of southeastern Missouri counties. The plant is more common in states to the south and east, and in fact Missouri represents the far northern extent of its natural range. The species can be identified by its wet habitat, opposite leaves, pubescent stems, and conical yellow disks. The fruits usually have no pappus.

Another name for this species is Acmella oppositifolia (Lam.) R.K. Jansen var. repens (Walter) R.K. Jansen.

Photographs taken at Arkansas Post Memorial, Gillett, AR., 8-31-06 and 9-7-06 (DETenaglia); also at Duck Creek Conservation Area, 7-31-2015 (SRTurner).